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  E-ISSN 0976-3945  
  International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology

                                                       -An Open Access Peer Reviewed e-Journal

 
 

  DESIGN AND DEVELPOMENT OF LOW COST ADAPTIVE LIGHTING SYSTEM

Authors: *Harish Kumar .V, Avinash.R, Niresh.J, Neelakrishnan.S

IJAET/ Volume VIII/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2017/01-02

 

ABSTRACT
This paper describes the development of adaptive lighting system during night time, as the highest fatal traffic accidents occurs on curve roads at night time. Night time driving with existing conventional headlamps is particularly unsafe because it does not provide illumination in the right direction on curve roads. Due to this constrain, we need to understand an alternative technology solution to improve visibility for driver at night time during curve road. Headlamp swings in the horizontal direction by sensing steering angle and vertical by sensing distance between subject vehicle and next vehicle. So, when a person turns their car, the headlamp of the car also turns according to the steering angle so that the person driving the vehicle will have better vision.

  DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF AN OPTIMIZED LOW COST CARGO-BEARING TRICYCLE
 

Authors: Okpala, Charles C., Chukwuzitelu, Joshua C., Okeke, Peter O., and Egwu, Samson I.

 

IJAET/ Volume VIII/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2017/03-09

 

ABSTRACT
The aim of the work was to design and fabricate an optimized low cost cargo-bearing tricycle which will fulfill the market demand in terms of cost and functionality, and also suitable for Nigerian roads. The integral construction produced a stronger and lighter vehicle which is very cheap when compared to the existing models in the market. The structure can withstand various static dynamic loads, which implied that the body shell is capable of bearing the various frame stresses. The arrangement of the various body panels to form a unitary structure of sufficient strength helped to resist the forces that act in the vehicle body. The floor and roof panels resist the sagging effect caused by the weight of the occupants and cargo. The stresses range from 3.2 MPa to 37.8MPa. The torque of 1372.71N was required to accelerate the tricycle and was derived from multiplying the tractive effort by the radius of the tire used. The material used for the chassis frame (cold rolled steel) has yield strength of 220.6 MPa, while point of maximum stress is 37.8 MPa giving a factor of safety of about 5.0 which is within a safe range. The objective of the research was fully met as the optimization of the existing tricycles was achieved in terms of ergonomics and strength, as well as in the cost effectiveness of the product.

  DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF CHASSIS AND SPRING OF A LOAD-BEARING TRICYCLE
 

Authors: Okpala, Charles C., Nwokeocha, Tochukwu O., Ofuoku, Lawrence C., Akajiugo, Amaka M., and Adonu, Jude O.

IJAET/ Volume VIII/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2017/10-15

 

ABSTRACT
The importance of chassis in a vehicle cannot be over-emphasized, as it forms the cross-section for the attachment of the various components as well as the body. Also, the suspension systems serve a dual purpose – contributing immensely to a vehicle’s balance for enhanced safety and driving pleasure, as well as for isolating the occupants from unnecessary bumps and vibrations. The aim of this work is to design and analyze vehicular chassis and springs in order to fabricate an optimized load-bearing tricycle. In the design consideration for the chassis, selection of suitable shapes and cross section of chassis members were adopted. Moreover, the reinforcement of the chassis side and cross member joints, as well as various fastening methods were achieved. In the design, the spring rate K was calculated to be 24273 N/m, which is the amount of energy required to compress the chosen spring by one meter. The force exerted by a compressed spring upon the tricycle for equilibrium restoration was calculated to be 1699.11N, while 228.96mm was calculated and adopted as the spring free length. The careful and meticulous selection of the materials used to produce the chassis yielded optimum performance at low cost, it was produced with a 2.5mm thickness mild steel hollow square pipe, with high yield strength to provide the tricycle the support it requires to be able to carry the stipulated load of 755 kg.

  STUDY OF IRON AND STEEL SLAG AS A PRODUCT WITH RESPECT TO PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 

Authors: Vivek A Shrouty, V.P. Talodhikar

 

IJAET/ Volume VIII/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2017/16-19

 

ABSTRACT
This paper review the generation of slag from an integrated steel plant; focusing on, slag generated in blast furnace during process of iron making and through EAF / BOF during process of steel making .The slag generated from BF and EAF/BOF are having different characteristic. The different type of slag having different chemical and physical properties, this depends on the chemical properties of input raw material charged in process of iron/steel making and this slag used in different process as raw material. Blast Furnace slag production ranges from about 220 to 370 kilograms per metric ton of pig iron produced; although lower grade ores may yield much higher slag fractions. Steel making process in electric arc furnaces generates up to 15 % of slag, which is, based on its properties, classified as non-hazardous waste. Disposal of such material requires large surfaces and it is rather unfavorable in economic terms..

  AN EFFICIENT HYBRID VIDEO WATERMARKING SCHEME USING DISCRETE WAVELET TRANSFORM
 

Authors: T.Shankar, G. Yamuna and M.Sundararajan

 

IJAET/ Volume VIII/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2017/20-24

 

ABSTRACT
In rapid growth of network distributions of images and video, there is an imperative need for copyright protection, besides pirating. Different digital image and video watermarking schemes have been proposed to deal with this matter of ownership identification. The video watermarking schemes using discrete wavelet are transformed to keep the copyright of digital videos. The input video sequence is segmented into shots with known shots of segmentation technique. The segmented video shots are partitioned into quantity of frames considered for the embedding process. The proposed method provides the exploitation of the grayscale image as a watermark to embed into the video sequence. In this process the PSNR value calculated for each frames and select the best frame by using CS algorithm. In watermarking embedding process, segmented video data is given to the discrete wavelet transform and the encrypted image watermark data is embedded based on optimal location analysis that is carried out using ABC algorithm. The grayscale image is sliced into bit planes for analyzing each bit of the image. Afterwards, the sliced bit plane images are permuted to the watermark images which are embedded into every frame of the segmented shots with the support of the watermark embedding process. Finally, the recovery of the watermark is achieved through the aid of the watermark extraction process. The experimentation results showing the proposed video watermarking scheme provide superior results with higher accuracy.

  MULTILEVEL THRESHOLDING FOR VIDEO SEGMENTATION USING IMPROVED FUZZY C-MEANS CLUSTERING ALGORITHM
 

Authors: R.Durga*, G. Yamuna and P.Abirami

 

IJAET/ Volume VIII/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2017/25-29

 

ABSTRACT
Video segmentation has been a significant and challenging problem for many video applications. The major issue involved in retrieving and storing the video data is video segmentation. Video segmentation is a clustering process that classifies one video succession into several objects. Spatial information enhances the quality of clustering process which is not utilized in the conventional FCM. Generally the fuzzy c-mean (FCM) algorithm is not robust against noise. Therefore, it is not used in video segmentation. An improved fuzzy c-means (IFCM) algorithm incorporates spatial information into the membership function for clustering of color videos. In this paper, HSV and IFCM models are used. Hue, Saturation Value (HSV) model is used for decomposition of color video and then IFCM is applied separately on each component of HSV model. For optimal clustering, gray scale image is used. Additionally, spatial information is incorporated in each frame separately and multilevel thresholding is applied to get better frame. In this paper, a powerful method is used for noisy color video segmentation and it works for both single and multi-feature data with spatial information. The result shows that the proposed method reduces noisy content in an image and enhances the image accuracy.

  BEHAVIOUR OF TORSIONAL REINFORCEMENT IN R.C SLAB WITH TWO ENDS DISCONTINUOUS AND OTHER ENDS CONTINUOUS
 

Authors: V. Selvan*, Dr. R. Sundararajan

 

IJAET/ Volume VIII/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2017/30-35

 

ABSTRACT
The present investigation is intended to study the influence of torsion reinforcement in reinforced concrete slab along with diverse load and Torsion reinforcement in order to retrieve corner uplift for all corners and central deflection. To survey the influence of torsion reinforcement in reinforced concrete slab with end condition, two ends discontinuous and other ends continuous under uniformly distributed load by varying the percentage of torsional reinforcement from 0%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35% and 75% of the main reinforcement required for short span bending moment, 6 slabs were casted and tested with the size of 1500mm x 1500 mm x 60 mm. By varying the torsion reinforcement, the corresponding corner uplift and central deflection were noted for each incremental load up to ultimate load and the results are plotted. In order to discern test performance of unconsidered values between those considered input load and torsion reinforcement artificial intelligence techniques are utilized.

  A PROPOSED APPROACH FOR IMAGE FUSION
 

Authors: Neeraj, Sunil Dalhotra

 

IJAET/ Volume VIII/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2017/36-39

 

ABSTRACT
Ubiquitous nature of image fusion and ever expending usage of image fusion techniques becomes a potential source of crowd wisdom extraction especially in terms of analysis therefore image fusion is a significant task of current research purview. Major challenge in this area is to tame the images in terms of noise, relevance, fusion, an enhancement. This works is an effort to see the effect of image fusion for the fortification of classification especially in terms of fusion enhancement. The proposed method of image fusion relies on DWT, DCT and PCA and to check its significance. We proposed an image fusion scheme to find the impact of proposed methodology and to check the significance too. Experiments were carried out to observe the effect of proposed method on image fusion which clearly indicates the improvements in various metrics for evaluation