E-ISSN 0976-3945
  International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology
                                                                    -An Open Access Peer Reviewed e-Journal

 
 

GEOMETRIC AND APPEARANCE FEATURE ANALYSIS FOR FACIAL EXPRESSION RECOGNITION

Authors: Sonu Dhall,Poonam Sethi

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/01-11

ABSTRACT
This paper evaluates facial recognition based on Local Binary Patterns on three orthogonal planes, Pyramid of Histogram of Gradients, and a geometrical feature based on distance between fiducial points for person-independent facial expression recognition. Different machine learning methods are systematically examined on two databases (posed and spontaneous). For posed database Cohn-Kanade has been used and for spontaneous database FeedTUM has been used. Extensive experiments illustrate that Local Binary Patterns on three orthogonal planes is effective and efficient for facial expression recognition. The best recognition performance is obtained by using Support Vector Machine classifier.

PREPARE ALTERNATE FUEL FROM THE WASTE PLASTIC

Authors: Ravi D Bumtariya, Dhruv K. Savalia, Ashish R. Awasthi, Snehal S. Patel, Shaishav A Patel,*Manish K. Mistry

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/12-14

ABSTRACT
Waste plastics from municipal solid waste were collected. It was being sorted based on the types like (HDPE, LDPE, PVC etc.) They were graded into nearly uniform size by crusher, cutter & shredder. The graded feed was heated just to melt it so that extraneous impurities such as hard metal, clay, sand, glass etc settles in the bottom of the melter, which was removed periodically. The gaseous product during melting can be either dissolved in suitable solvent or incinerated to product heat. The modern plastic along with catalyst is sent to reactor, which is maintained at temperature between 350-600 ℃ and atmospheric pressure. The vapour which comes out of the reactor can be distilled to obtain different product are characterized for their usefulness. The various properties of the products obtained were than tested & compared with the actual values for petroleum range products.

VIBRATION ANALYSIS OF ANNULAR DISC WITH PERIODIC UNIFORM RADIAL SLOTS WHILE DISC IS CLAMPED AT INNER EDGE AND FREE AT OUTER EDGE

Authors: Abhilesh Warade, V. V. Saidpatil

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/15-17

ABSTRACT

NATURAL FREQUENCY & MODE SHAPE ANALYSIS OF DIAPHRAGM SPRING OF CLUTCH IN AUTOMOBILES

Authors: Kaustubh Shendkar, Prof. V.P. Mali

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/18-21

ABSTRACT

EFFECT OF ELLIPTICAL INCLINED DIMPLES ON NUSSELT NUMBER AND FRICTION FACTOR FOR ARTIFICIALLY ROUGHENED DUCT OF SOLAR AIR HEATERS

Authors: Raman Kumar, Harvinder Lal

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/22-26

ABSTRACT
An experimental investigation has been carried out for a range of system and operating parameters in order to analyze effect of artificial roughness on heat transfer and friction in solar air heater duct having inclined dimples as roughness geometry. An increase in heat transfer and friction loss has been observed for duct having roughened absorber plate. Experimental data have been used to develop Nusselt number and friction factor correlations as function of system and operating parameters for predicting performance of the system having investigated type of roughness geometry. The aspect ratio of the duct is of order (W/H =10) and the range of Reynolds number is (8000 – 25000).

FUSION OF APPEARANCE AND GEOMETRIC DESCRIPTORS IN FACIAL EXPRESSION ANALYSIS

Authors: Sonu Dhall, Poonam Sethi

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/27-34

ABSTRACT
In face analysis the main issue is the descriptor of the face appearance. The efficiency of the descriptor depends on its representation and the ease of extracting it from the face. These descriptors are used in several areas, such as, facial expression and face recognition. There are two common approaches to extract facial features: geometric-feature-based and appearance-based methods .The former encodes the shape and locations of different facial components, which are combined into a feature vector that represents the face. The appearance-based methods use image filters, either on the whole-face, to create holistic features, or some specific face-region, to create local features, to extract the appearance changes in the face image. The performance of the appearance-based methods is excellent in constrained environment but their performance degrades in environmental variation. In this wok, we are going to combine geometric features and appearance features. In geometric features we are going to use distance between points and in appearance feature linear binary pattern in three orthogonal dimensions (LBP-TOP) and Pyramid of Histograms of Orientation Gradients (PHOG) will be experimented. Fusion of these three descriptors gives new possibilities. Fusion of geometric and appearance features no doubt increase the performance. It is found that fusion of LBP-TOP and PHOG yields good recognition performance.

GENERALIZED FRACTIONAL HARTLEY TRANSFORM AND THEIR DIFFERENT TRANSFORMATIONS

Authors: Dr. Ms. P. K. Sontakke

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/35-36

ABSTRACT
This paper is concerned with the generalized fractional Hartley transform and their different transformations. Fractional Hartley transform is bourn from the fractional Fourier transform, which is considered as a generalization of the Fourier transform. Fractional Fourier transform has emerged as a very efficient mathematical tool in signal processing for signals, which are having time independent frequency component. The fractional Fourier transform has an advantage over other transforms being used in the application area. An effort is made to derive the properties of their respective transform.

RECENT TRENDS IN WIND POWER GENERATION: INDIAN SCENARIO

Authors: G.C. Biswal, S.P. Shukla

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/37-41

ABSTRACT
In India, the wind power generation has gained a high level of attention and acceptability compared to other renewable energy technologies. New technological developments in wind power design have contributed for the significant advances in wind energy penetration and to get optimum power from available wind. The yearly percentage increase in wind energy installation is very high and now India ranks fifth in the world with an installed capacity of about 21262 MW. This paper reviews the developmental aspects of wind energy in India and moreover the future growth pattern and time period to achieve the technical wind potential are predicted and analysed.

CARBON NANOTUBES- PRODUCTION, PROPERTIES AND HEALTH EFFECTS

Authors: A. Ziauddin, Dr. S.K Beebi, Dr. N.A Siddiqui , Dr. Kanchan

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/42-49

ABSTRACT
Nanotechnology is the new emerging technology which stands forefront in the science research and technology development. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are one of the most promising materials in the field of nanotechnology and are being produced by three methods: electric arc discharge, laser ablation and chemical vapour deposition. CNTs possess unique electrical, mechanical, chemical, thermal and optical properties, due to which these materials are suitable for various applications. The CNTs production is increasing in proportion to their usage. Since materials at the nanoscale behave differently than they do in their massive form, hence these CNTs are subjected to intense toxicological scrutiny. Research has proved that exposure to CNTs have negative effects on human health. The present paper attempts to review the production, properties and impact of CNTs on human health. This knowledge will be useful in formulating exposure standards for CNTs.

COMPARISON OF SIMULATION RESULT OF FLC BASED UPFC WITH CONVENTIONAL CONTROL BASED UPFC

Authors: Saifee Kanjetavala, Mansi Shah, Dinal Panchal, Aliasgar Shayer

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/50-54

ABSTRACT
This paper is introduce by A FLC based Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) is an electrical device for providing fast acting reactive power compensation on high-voltage electricity transmission networks. The UPFC is a combination of a Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) and a Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC) coupled via a common DC voltage link. Fuzzy set theory is a marvelous tool for modeling the kind of uncertainty associated with vagueness with imprecision, and / or with a lack of information regarding a particular element of the problem at hand. In this proposed work the Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) is implemented with two inputs as ‘error voltage’ and ‘capacitor values’ and the ‘inverter pulse’ as an output are considered. Case studies have been performed for State Electricity System (SES) in the Southern part of India. Simulation has been carried out for four different groups of generations with FLC based and conventional based UPFC in MATLAB. These proposed approaches are compared with the existing one and concluded that the reactive power requirement by FLC is lower than the existing conventional controller which is further less with UPFC. Also there is a vast deviation in the voltage with the existing controller and with FLC the voltage is within the required range with ± 5% tolerance and with the FLC it is demonstrated a constant voltage throughout the day of 24 hours.

STUDY ON CBR VALUES OF SOIL WITH CRUSHED COCONUT SHELLS

Authors: Shabana Salih K*, Anshi C., Shamseera Parambath, Shyamili T. M., Sruthi V., Suhaira P..

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/55-58

ABSTRACT
Unpaved roads are usually used for low volume traffic and serve as access roads. When unpaved roads are built on soft foundation soils, it leads to large deformations, causing increase in maintenance cost and interruption of traffic service. The use of geosynthetic products as an inclusion in flexible pavements for reinforcement has been proved to be a viable technology through studies conducted over the last three decades. It results in increased service life of the pavement and reduced base thickness to carry the same number of load repetitions. Only limited studies have been conducted regarding the effectiveness of using Crushed Coconut Shells for strengthening of sub-grade. The present study focuses on investigating the improvement of the soil strength by the inclusion of coconut shell pieces of different concentration, of varying sizes at different depths. The results of the study clearly indicate that the inclusion of Crushed Coconut Shells have noticeable influence on CBR value of soils.
Location of Crushed Coconut Shell layer across the depth of the specimen shows significant variation in CBR value. It was observed that beyond 0.2H depth, effects of Crushed Coconut Shell were nominal. Effects of multiple layers and size of particles of Crushed Coconut Shell were also examined and found that with additional layers, the percentage increase in CBR were high, except in case of four layer inclusion. But when percentage improvement is normalized with unit material consumption, the most effective and economical results were obtained for single layer inclusion of Crushed Coconut Shell of 1cm size, 25gm at a depth of 0.2H.

VENTURI FEEDER SYSTEM FOR PULL PUSH TYPE PNEUMATIC CONVEYING SYSTEM

Authors: L.P. Dhole

IJAET/ Volume V/ Issue III/ July-Sept.'2014/59-61

ABSTRACT
Pneumatic conveying systems are particularly versatile. A very wide range of materials can be handled and they are totally enclosed by the system and pipeline. The basic objective of the work is to develop venturi feeding system for the pull push type pneumatic conveying system, thereby creating the suction effect at the venturi throat. It will help to create the automatic suction of the material into the system through the inlet provided at the throat. This system then can be operated by the single person and has numerous practical applications for the automatic transportation of powdered and granular material. Initially five such systems were developed and tested [1], and based on the experimentation and analysis of these systems, four modified systems developed are presented here.