Internet of Things (IoT) refers to uniquely identifiable objects and their representation in an Internet-like structure. The term, IoT although coined way back in 1999, became popular after the onset of RFIDs. There are estimates of more than 30 billion devices being wirelessly connected to the Internet of Things by 2020. The existing research work on IoT has been immense and has been carried out in various fields like smart home systems, retail/supply chain management, insurance and healthcare. Also the field of IoT has its own challenges and drawbacks which need to be overcome to realize its full potential.
The purpose of our research is to understand the feasibility of implementing Internet of Things in bus transportation system in Singapore. Singapore, which is renowned for its technology advancements, still has scope for improvement in terms of technology being used for transportation purposes. There is a dire need for the consumer to understand and evaluate different bus options in an efficient manner and this is where Internet of Things infrastructure can help.
Our secondary research has helped us structure a technical architecture in place for an app where Internet of Things can be used to predict arrival timings of buses as well as the crowd inside each bus. Also, the primary research helped us gain immense knowledge in the field of IoT and helped us with the protocols for communication between the devices in our architecture which is the part where most IoT deployments tend to fail. Finally, we could conclude that such an implementation is possible and also there is a lot of future scope for it to be built upon when the world realizes how to overcome the current limitations of IoT.